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Morphine Addiction and Treatment

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Morphine Addiction and Treatment

Morphine is in the category of drugs called narcotic painkillers and is used in treating moderate to severe pain. Morphine occurs naturally and is taken from the seedpod of the poppy plant. This narcotic pain reliever dulls the part of our brain that's responsible for our ability to feel pain.

Morphine is a very strong addictive pain medication and many drug users abuse the narcotic painkiller for the purpose of achieving a euphoric high. Morphine is classified as a schedule II controlled substance because of the potential for abuse.

Morphine is the main ingredient in opium and is one of the most effective drugs there is for relieving severe pain. In the past several years the use of narcotics like morphine has dramatically increased. In years past morphine was almost always used by way of injection but today there are various forms of morphine marketed. Morphine is available in oral solutions, immediate and timed released tablets or capsules, suppositories and injectable solutions. Morphine is also used for managing chronic pain in patients that are opiate-tolerant.

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There are generic and brand names that morphine is marketed under and these include:

  • MS-Contin
  • Oramorph SR
  • MSIR
  • Roxanol
  • Kadian
  • RMS

When an individual takes morphine it affects their central nervous system. Morphine not only relieves pain but it causes mental problems and affects a person physically.

Morphine Addiction

Morphine causes euphoria and because of this many people take the narcotic in high doses to get high. With repeated use eventually tolerance to the narcotic takes place and the morphine user increases their dose to get the same affects they once received. Once a person has become tolerant to morphine and they continue to increase their dose they're psychologically and physically addicted to the narcotic painkiller. Once a person is addicted to morphine if they try to stop or they're unable to get more of the narcotic they're miserable and begin to experience withdrawal symptoms.

Morphine Withdrawal Symptoms

When a person stops taking morphine once their addicted to the narcotic, there are withdrawal symptoms that take place. The intensity and duration of withdrawal depends on the level of addiction the individual has to morphine. The higher the dose and the longer a person is dependent on morphine narcotic painkillers the more intense the withdrawal symptoms can be. Withdrawal symptoms can include:

  1. Abdominal and intestinal cramping
  2. Pains in the abdomen
  3. Diarrhea
  4. Nausea and-or vomiting
  5. Excessive perspiration
  6. Chills
  7. Hot and cold sweats
  8. Leg pain
  9. Insomnia or sleeplessness
  10. Elevated blood pressure
  11. Rapid heart rate

Morphine Overdose

If an individual accidentally takes too much morphine, this can lead to an overdose. Seek medical attention immediately if you or someone you know may have overdosed on morphine. The symptoms of a morphine overdose can include:

  1. Pupils in the eyes become pin-point in size
  2. Constipation
  3. Spasms of the intestinal tract or stomach
  4. Nausea
  5. Vomiting
  6. Low blood pressure
  7. Weakened pulse
  8. Coma
  9. Drowsiness
  10. Problems breathing
  11. Labored breathing
  12. No breathing
  13. Lips and fingernails become bluish in color

References & Resources

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