What Is Metadate?

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What Is Metadate?

Metadate is a generic form of Ritalin, a drug used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. A a diagnosis of such a condition is always made using the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-IV (DSM-IV) to confirm the diagnosis.

Metadate is a generic name for Ritalin. The active ingredient in Metadate is Methylphenidate Hydrochloride. This drug is considered a central nervous depressant.

Why Is Metadate Prescribed?

Metadate is prescribed for treating of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). People who suffer from ADHD can include children and adults. According to addiction recovery specialists, in order to make a definitive determination, as much as is possible, the DSM-IV method, which was mentioned in the first paragraph, is used. Use of this method ensures, to the greatest extent that can be, that ADHD does exist. This can thus inhibit or prevent the prescribing of Metadate to someone who does not have ADHD, but rather may be trying to obtain the drug for the purpose of abusing it or to support an addiction to Methylphenidate Hydrochloride.

The DSM-IV method states that at least six specific symptoms out of nine relating to the attention deficit portion of ADHD must have existed for the past six months prior to the request for a diagnosis of ADHD. These include:

  1. Not paying attention to details or making careless mistakes.
  2. Unable to pay attention for extended periods of time.
  3. Avoiding tasks that require intense concentration or thought.
  4. Easily distracted
  5. Forgets what needs to be remembered.
  6. Cannot remember where things have been put.

Further, in order to determine if the hyperactivity portion of the ADHD diagnosis exists, six of the nine activities required to achieve a diagnosis of hyperactivity must have also been present within the last six months before a diagnosis of ADHD was sought. These include:

  1. Inability to remain in one's seat.
  2. Constant body movement-fidgeting or squirming.
  3. Talking excessively
  4. Answering questions before others have a chance.
  5. Inability to wait one's turn at activities.
  6. Talking to the point of excessiveness.

Statistics Relating To Metadate

As mentioned earlier, the potential for Metadate to be abused or be used to support one's addiction to Methylphenidate Hydrochloride is a matter of concern among health care professionals and others. Metadate is categorized in the Stimulants family of drug classifications, and, as the following numbers, according to addiction recovery specialists, will demonstrate, a rise in the abuse of stimulants, including Metadate, is being seen.

In 2005 and 2006 respectively, a total of 211,000 and 191,000 people were found to have used stimulants for non-medical reasons. In other words, they were not diagnosed as having ADHD or otherwise requiring the use of stimulants for treatment of a medical condition.

In the age group encompassing 12-17 years of age, in 2005 27,000 persons in this age group used stimulants for non-medical reasons; in 2006, the total was 25,000. Among persons aged 18-25, the figures for 2005 were 71,000, and 66,000 for 2006.

In 2005, persons aged 26 or older using stimulants for non-medical reasons numbered 184,000; in 2006, the number was 175,000. Again, stimulant drugs include Metadate.

How Is Metadate Abused?

Metadate is abused when a person takes the drug and there is no medical reason existing for doing so. According to addiction recovery specialists, this does not necessarily mean that a person is taking a larger dose than would normally be prescribed, or is taking more than would normally be prescribed. That person may be following dosage instructions precisely (if indeed the medication has been properly prescribed) however, the abuse is occurring because, again, there is no evidence that ADHD is present.

Other methods for abusing Metadate include taking more than is prescribed, or taking it more often than it should be.

Unfortunately, as with all drugs, there can be negative effects. These are usually mild to moderate, especially when the dosage instructions are followed precisely; however, abuse or addiction can cause these to become more severe. Metadate can affect the heart, especially when cardiac problems already exist. Sometimes, though, cardiac problems have not been diagnosed or they may be "silent"; that is, no symptoms are present.

In children, even proper use of Metadate may cause problems with proper growth. Abuse of Metadate for this specific reason may occur if a child (especially an adolescent) has a "skewed" image of what constitutes a "perfect" body.

Metadate Abuse Treatment Options

Treatment options can include behavioral therapy for children, including reward / consequences methods in order to see if mild ADHD can be controlled without medication. For those with the most trouble abusing this prescription drug, a detoxification center may be needed in order to wean one's self off of the drug.

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