What Is Mebaral?

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What Is Mebaral?

It should be mentioned first that Mebaral (the brand name for Mephobarbital) will no longer be available after existing supplies are exhausted.

Manufacture was discontinued as of February 2, 2011, according to addiction recovery specialists.

The reason for the discontinuation of Mebaral was because it would have been necessary for the company that manufactured the drug to have filed for and gained approval for a new drug application for this drug.

This would have been needed in order to comply with U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations, and the company felt that it could not produce adequate documentation to do so.

Approval for Mebaral first came as a result of granting "grandfather status" to products that had already obtained approval for use and distribution prior to the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act of 1938 being put into place. Basically, this means that Mebaral's "grandfather status" expired, requiring the manufacturer to decide if application for FDA approval was a viable option.

Being discontinued means that the drug will no longer be prescribed in the United States. Patients who are currently using Mebaral have been informed of this, and their health care providers are working with them to find an alternative medication that works as well or better (there have been other drugs invented that perform the same function as Mephobarbital).

Because of the fact that the drug will be discontinued, it will be referred to in the past tense in this article.

Mebaral was in the barbiturate classification of drugs. Because of this, it was a controlled substance, meaning its prescribing was regulated more closely than prescription drugs that are not considered controlled substances.

Why Was Mebaral Prescribed?

When it was prescribed, its main use was for the control of seizures caused by epilepsy and other seizure-inducing conditions. It could also be prescribed as an anti-anxiety medication. Again, according to addiction recovery specialists, there have been many other products created and manufactured over the past few decades that work as well or better than Mebaral, and many of them do not contain barbiturates.

Statistics Relating To Mebaral

As mentioned earlier, Mebaral was a barbiturate, and these types of drugs can be extremely addictive. Moreover, according to addiction recovery specialists, these types of drugs have a high incidence of abuse, especially among those who have (or had in the case of Mebaral) no medical reason for taking barbiturates.

Statistics reported by addiction recovery specialists show that in 2006 and 2007, among teenagers 12-17 years old, non-medical use of barbiturates was at 11,000 and 9,000 respectively. The number of those in the age group encompassing the age of 18-25 who used barbiturates was 19,000 and 23,000 respectively; the number of non-medical barbiturate users age 26 or older was 231,000 and 218,000. The total number of non-medical users of barbiturates was 233,000 and 220,000.

How Was Mebaral Abused?

As can be seen from the statistics provided by addiction recovery specialists, abuse of Mebaral occurred in those who had no medical reason to be taking this prescription drug during its availability. Again, it should be remembered that this drug is no longer being prescribed.

Those who did and still do abuse Mebaral (there are still limited supplies available) employed and employ a number of ways to effect abuse. These included, of course, taking the drug even when no medical condition existed for them to even need the drug. Additionally, abuse occurred as a result of taking more Mebaral than had been prescribed, or taking the drug more frequently than prescription instructions dictated.

Because Mebaral will no longer be available in the United States by prescription (although it may be possible to obtain it through online suppliers), the incidence of abuse by possessing for sale or distribution may increase. It should be noted that even though a person who does this may not use the drug personally, making it available to those who do is falls into the category of abuse just as much as any other abuse method does.

When it was prescribed, because Mebaral was in the barbiturate family, it acted as a depressant. This means that brain and body function was slowed down. As a result, drowsiness, clumsiness, and other effects could be felt.

When taken in too high a dosage, Mebaral was capable of suppressing breathing to the point that oxygen deprivation could have occurred. This could have led to death by suffocation. In addition, permanent brain damage due to lack of oxygen to brain cells.

Mebaral Abuse Treatment Options

As mentioned earlier, Mebaral is no longer being prescribed. Other medications that work as effectively are being prescribed. However, for those with prescription drug addictions, a drug rehab center can help the person detox and fight using the prescription drug improperly again.

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