Hallucinogenic Drug Addiction and Treatment
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A hallucinogen is a substance that when used causes a person's perception of what's real to change. When an individual uses a hallucinogenic drug like LSD for example, they see visions that aren't really there. They will hear sounds that don't really exist and they feel sensations that aren't really happening but they are real to the individual using hallucinogens.
Their perception is so distorted that for example a tree could take on sound and move. When a person is under the influence of a hallucinogenic substance they become detached from what's real, some say they have out of body experiences.
Hallucinogenic substances have been around for many years. Years ago fungi like mushrooms and plants that contained hallucinogenic properties were used. Many times these mushrooms and plant extracts were used during religious rituals and ceremonies and this went on for many centuries. Now hallucinogens are man-made in order to make them much more potent. There are several hallucinogenic substances that are used today by young people and adults to get high or trip. Each hallucinogenic substance has its own set of effects the user can experience when using the substance to get high.
When a person uses a hallucinogen it disrupts the way nerve cells and serotonin react with each other. Our serotonin system is associated with behavioral control, moods, appetite, our body temperature, sexual behavior, muscle control and sensory perception. Hallucinogens disrupt their normal communication and function.
LSD stands for lysergic acid diethylamide and it's one of the main drugs that fall into the category of hallucinogens. LSD is a man-made illicit substance that's manufactured for the sole purpose of illegal sale for individuals that want to experience hallucinations while getting high. There is no other mood or perception altering drug as potent as LSD.
PCP came into existence in the 50s and was used intravenously as a surgical anesthetic. PCP is categorized as a dissociative anesthetic because of the out of body and detachment affects experienced. PCP was never approved to be used for people but was used in for veterinary medicine.
In the 60s PCP began to be abused quite heavily in pill form but it didn't last because the effects were never the same and users didn't like the violent tendencies they experienced.
Ketamine is another hallucinogenic drug that came out in 1963. Ketamine took the place of PCP and was used in veterinary medicine. Individuals who abuse Ketamine for illicit use most of the time use an evaporated form of the drug. When ketamine is in powder form it's snorted and it can also be illegally found in pill form.
Researchers are studying the effects of Ketamine for possible future use in treating chronic depression.
Ketamine is a much less potent form of PCP but user sometimes experience 'bad trips' similar to using LSD. Users sometimes experience out of body or near death experiences. Ketamine because of the effects has been used in sexual assaults on unsuspecting people.
Hallucinogens are mind altering drugs that are still abused today. When a person is under the influence of a hallucinogen they're unaware of their surroundings and detached from the real world. Sometimes the user experiences harmful behavior when under the influence including panic, depression or psychotic episodes. Hallucinogens are addictive and when used long term, hallucinogenic substances can cause anxiety, depression and other mental problems.