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Dexedrine Abuse and Addiction

1-800-315-2391  |  January 19th

Dexedrine Abuse and Addiction

Dexedrine is more commonly known by its generic name Dextroamphetamine. Dextroamphetamine is a part of a class of medications called central nervous system stimulants.

This drug works by changing the amounts of certain natural substances in the brain. It is a psychostimulant drug usually prescribed to increase focus, decrease fatigue and decrease appetite.

Although much less potent, Dexedrine has similar psychoactive properties as amphetamines and similar stimulant properties to Methamphetamine. Dexedrine is an amphetamine, and is therefore often abused.

Why is Dexedrine Prescribed?

Dexedrine is a medication primarily prescribed for a person with ADHD (Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity). It is prescribed for patients with ADHD only as an integral part of a total treatment program. This typically includes other remedial measures such as psychological counseling and therapy in order to stabilize the effect of the medication in-patients from 3-16 years old. Dexedrine is only prescribed for patients with a behavioral pattern characterized by moderate to severe distractibility, a short attention span, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. It is also commonly prescribed for Narcolepsy and weight loss. For weight loss, it is only prescribed to a person who is clinically obese. It has also been used by the United States military as "go pills," given to pilots on long missions to help them remain focused and alert.

Statistics Relating To Dexedrine

Dexedrine is an amphetamine and it can be habit-forming when used in high doses over long periods of time. An individual should never take more than what their health care provider has recommended. People may abuse Dexedrine to "get high," lose weight, and to help them concentrate. The consequences of Dexedrine abuse can be extremely dangerous. They may include an irregular heartbeat, high blood pressure and dangerously high body temperatures. And in more severe cases of overdose, include cardiovascular failure, seizures and death.

How is Dexedrine Abused?

There are many ways Dexedrine can be abused. Some abusers take Dexedrine in tablet form by mouth. Other more hardcore abusers inject Dexedrine intravenously, while others prefer to smoke or snort Dexedrine like crack cocaine. This prescription drug is said to have a similar effect to the central nervous system as cocaine and is therefore highly addictive. Abusers take Dexedrine in order to "get high." These abusers generally enjoy the increased alertness, attention and energy that this drug makes them feel.

Another reason Dexedrine is abused is to help someone lose weight. Weight loss is just one of several side effect of this prescription drug. Also, some students in college or even high school who don't have ADHD use this drug to help them concentrate. They feel that Dexedrine helps them to do better in school. Because Dexedrine is so commonly prescribed, it is usually not difficult to find ways to obtain Dexedrine illegally. People often use the Internet to get Dexedrine. Research shows that people with ADHD don't become addicted when it is taken in the form and dosage prescribed. However, when misused, Dexedrine can be addictive.

How Dexedrine Abuse Affects the Body

Abusing Dexedrine can be extremely dangerous and possibly even deadly. This drug can negatively affect the body in many ways. By taking high doses of Dexedrine, patients may suffer from an irregular heartbeat, high blood pressure and high body temperature. There is also a potential for cardiovascular failure and seizures.

Taking high doses of Dexedrine over long periods of time may also lead to hostility and a feeling of paranoia in some abusers, and suddenly stopping this drug will give the individual severe withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal symptoms consist of physical fatigue and depression; a person may also have a large increase in appetite. Withdrawal symptoms often last for one week to one month depending on the length of time the prescription drug was being abused. Other withdrawal symptoms include excessive sleep, nightmares, anxiety, agitation and suicidal thoughts.

Dexedrine Abuse Treatment Options

Treatments for the addiction to Dexedrine are usually done with behavioral health therapy. These types of prescription drug recovery therapies are given at rehabilitation facilities and detoxification centers. This process of detoxification should begin by slowly decreasing the dose of the drug the individual is taking. This should allow for a safer withdrawal from the prescription drug. Antidepressant medications will usually be prescribed to help alleviate withdrawal symptoms and the signs of depression that can accompany early abstinence from Dexedrine.

Counseling and behavioral therapies, which teach patients skills to avoid drug use and cope more effectively with problems, are beneficial to most individuals recovering from Dexedrine addiction. Recovery support groups such as NA (Narcotics Anonymous) may also be effective in conjunction with behavioral therapy.

References
Safe Supportive Learning
Samhsa

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